DOC Ü READER Witness by Whittaker Chambers FREE ☆ WHITTAKER CHAMBERS

Whittaker Chambers ´ Witness by Whittaker Chambers DOC

DOC Ü READER Witness by Whittaker Chambers FREE ☆ WHITTAKER CHAMBERS Û ❮Epub❯ ➚ Witness Author Whittaker Chambers – First published in 1952 Witness was at once a literary effort a philosophical treatise a bestseller Whittaker Chambers had just participatItical establishment was a spy for the Soviet Union This poetic autobiography recounts the famous case but also reveals mu Whittaker Chambers was an American original Surely this author journalist and reformed Soviet spy is the only person to have received both the Order of the Red Star from Moscow 1931 and in 1984 the Presidential Medal of Freedom from Ronald Reagan Few observers have been exposed to the Twentieth Century in all its raw vicissitudes the way Chambers was the shift from rural to urban living the sharp left turn among privileged American undergraduates from complacency to Bolshevism the miring of the American economy in steady depression in the 1930s the realization to Chambers that he must not only uit the Communist Party but later bear witness to its shocking inroads into the corridors of American power Badly in debt to the various attorneys who helped steer him through two lengthy federal Grand Jury sessions having largely to do with his relation to the well placed and undoubtedly Communist Alger Hiss Chambers’ wrote this autobiography Witness 1952 It became a best seller that year and even now despite its occasional lapses into stridency and self pity deserves a sincere read For while few observers were exposed to or exposed themselves to so many political social and religious extremes probably none other has written about the experience so elouently as Chambers In his entire life did Chambers ever have an easy day? Born in 1901 Chambers and his younger brother grew up on Eastern Long Island when it was still an assemblage of rural villages and tidal flats not the sprawling polyglot suburb it is today Chambers’ parents both eccentrics were would be artists than true artists; his aloof father according to later evidence was a closeted homosexual who kept his Down Low down in Lower Manhattan and traveled only grudgingly to his wife and sons on Long Island several times a week Chambers attended Columbia University majored in History and specialized in writing but in the mid Twenties pledged himself to the American Communist Party as the only way he knew to combat the “decay” of Western Civilization He began as an open CP member then went underground for a while actually spying for Moscow It took the terror of Stalinist show trials to lure him out of the Party in 1938 a decision nailed down by the hypocritical Ribbentrop Molotov agreement of 1939 Among his generation Chambers was an early convert to Bolshevism but he left the Communist Party fairly early too having reasoned that Communists and “fellow travelers” were forced to believe a number of ludicrous things Foremost among them was the belief that peace could be preserved World War III could be averted only by conciliating the Soviet Union For this no price was too high to pay including the price of wilful historical self delusion Not one to do things by halves in the 1938 1948 period Chambers endured a grueling train bus car commute between his job as Editor for TIME magazine in Rockefeller Center and the working “dirt farm” he had bought in central Maryland Note the outright rejection of urbanity For anyone else calling this section “The Tranuil Years” would seem an irony but for Chambers this time of open ownership and gradually increasing income did indeed seem a relief after his underground past Life on the farm triggers rhapsodic descriptions of rural life birdsong and dawn and enraptured children watching foxes and foals at play Two saving graces Chambers does not succumb to mere sentiment among these descriptions of country life and he makes us aware of how much work and upkeep even a medium sized family farm reuires It’s not until the last third of this lengthy book that Chambers is free to take on the two massive federal Grand Jury investigations in 1948 that got jack of all trades and Washington insider Alger Hiss indicted and eventually sent to prison Hiss was at the core of a group of friends generally of upper middle class birth who attended elite universities prominently Harvard and wound up in the federal government during its period of great expansion in the New Deal years This very loyal group came to occupy vital positions of some influence usually assistant to the assistant Secretary of cabinet agencies He and Chambers were also good friends in the middle Thirties before the author’s break with Communism Prior to that he and Hiss had collaborated on the kind of projects specifically crafted to leave no paper trail foreign espionage When subpoenaed what could Hiss do under oath except lie vociferously about ever knowing this Whittaker Chambers whom he tried to portray as an unstable near failure while he himself traded on his apparently sterling background? It took uite a while and a very dogged bunch of Senators to chip away at this myth But Chambers’ implacable connection to Hiss was nailed just in such small items the sighting of a prothonotary warbler the disposition of a beat up Ford roadster This section of the book contains not only such apparent minutiae but also large sections of transcript testimony it’s a tribute to Chambers’ skill as an editor that none of it sags Witness is fascinating but not flawless At times and despite Chambers’ best efforts at exculpation it reads like ’Diary of a Turncoat’ It seems a brusue editorial accretion in so generally well written a book to knock a Communist youth group’s khaki blouses as “sleazy” what fabric did he think Boy Scouts wear? Somewhere in the book’s final third he should really have reminded us that the USSR was only the avowed enemy of the USA for only about the last two years of the 1921 1949 period This would have given his readers a bit sympathy into the thinking of a man who had worked so well with his fellow traitors for nearly twenty years Perhaps he does not because we might then be tempted to give Alger Hiss a break too But nobody cuts his nemesis a break Even today literary reception for Witness is mixed and cannot be adeuately assessed without at least looking at the critic’s own political background In the 1980s columnist George Will compared the book favorably to The Education of Henry Adams yet in 2016 the same George Will complained in the pages of the Washington Post that Witness became a canonical text of conservatism Unfortunately it injected conservatism with a sour whiney complaining crybaby populism It is the screechy and dominant tone of the loutish faux conservatism that today is erasing William F Buckley’s legacy of infectious cheerfulness and unapologetic embrace of high culture Chambers wallowed in cloying sentimentality and curdled resentment about “the plain men and women” Indeed one sees many of the themes of Reagan era “movement” conservatism in embryo in this 1952 work the tropes that result when the Liberal Sees the Light the populist streak that prefers humbly educated folk to the output of certain allegedly “subversive” Ivy League colleges the insistence on adherence to orthodoxy of usually Christian religion the elusive political paranoia that darts about such writings like a silent blue flame One tough Commie remarked to Chambers during his Bolshevik years “Any fool can commit a murder but it takes an artist to create a good natural death” But George Will protests too much late in his life Chambers was a good friend and colleague of William F Buckley and any writer with Chambers’ breadth of culture and ability to employ fancy words like “ullulate” as well as the master should be respected Readers of all political persuasions are well advised to read Witness not only for its stunning recollection of a singular American life but also for its insight into how close a European born and stridently atheist ideology came to corrupting the center corridors of American state power I know of no autobiography that fills the place of Witness or could take its place And its prose style is a joy Whittaker Chambers died at age 60 in 1961 of a heart attack Alger Hiss served three years of a five year prison term but survived until 1996 when he died at age 92 In the early 21st Century Chambers’ son John announced plans to turn the old family farmhouse into a museum of his father’s life and work but two years later a freak electrical fire burned most of the building down This is far from the largest of the ironies that propelled and plagued Whittaker Chambers' life

MOBI ☆ Witness by Whittaker Chambers ´ Whittaker Chambers

First published in 1952 Witness was at once a literary effort a philosophical treatise a bestseller Whittaker Chambers had If you hate politics if you loathe old Cold War battles if you have no interest in any of such things you should still pick up this book It is elouent and moving than anything you will ever read on the subject And if you still do not believe me then pick it up and read the chapter entitled The Child My wife ran over to me took my hands and burst into tears ���Dear heart��� she said in a pleading voice ���we couldn���t do that awful thing to a little baby not to a little baby dear heart��� A wild joy swept me Reason the agony of my family the Communist Party and its theories the wars and revolutions of the twentieth century crumbled at the touch of the child

READER Witness by Whittaker Chambers

Witness by Whittaker ChambeJust participated in America's trial of the century in which he claimed that Alger Hiss a full standing member of the pol I usually do not finish an 800 page book and wish it were longer I usually don't even read 800 page books especially these days but I devoured Witness I've heard that some conservatives have found Witness very influential in the development of their own beliefs and it articulately and persuasively denounces Communism just as important though it's also a fascinating read World magazine put it in its top 10 most influential books of the 20th century re Christian worldview Witness is a true life spy story detailing Chambers' work for the US Communist party and on behalf of the Soviet Union in the 1930s I was amazed to learn that Communists had infiltrated the US govt at a high level State Dept and other federal agencies and not only committed espionage but also influenced US domestic policy such as the New Deal Hmm I remember learning only that the Red Scare was overblown and mostly affected harmless intellectual Communists like writers and Hollywood types This book showed me that one of the successes of the Communist movement here was to seem harmless and for its opponents to look like cranks Witness also shows through its detailed account of Chambers' experience as a Communist how evil Communism is anti life anti love anti truth etc I knew Communism was evil but the story Chambers tells puts flesh on this truth Chambers rightly feared for his life and his wife and children when he uit working for the Communists Witness describes Chambers' journey from darkness to light first his disillusionment with Communism; then his becoming a Christian Chambers includes autobiographical background info including his childhood so he is a fleshed out character in the book His integrity willingness to suffer for the truth and moral fiber make him an attractive figure All these aspects support the book's theme ie how Chambers was a witness a witness to the truth of the Christian faith; the witness whose testimony led to Alger Hiss's imprisonment; a prophetic witness too whose experience warns us now of the dangers of the socialist drift our government policies are taking I started reading this book thinking it would be historically interesting didn't realize how relevant its message would be to current affairs I could go on but this is long enough