Culture and the Death of God review µ 9

review Culture and the Death of God

Culture and the Death of God review µ 9 ✓ [PDF / Epub] ☂ Culture and the Death of God By Terry Eagleton – New observations on the persistence of God in modern times and why “authentic” atheism is so very hard to come by How to live in a supposedly faithless world threatened by religious fundamentalism NewAnd the Death PDFEPUB #232 Engaging with a phenomenally wide range of ideas issues and thinkers from the Enlightenment to today Eagleton discusses the state of religion before and after the ironies surrounding Western capitalism’s part in spawning not only secularism but also fundamentalism and the unsatisfactory surrogates for the Almighty invented in the post Enlightenment era   The author reflects on the uniue capacities of relig. ‘Most Idealist thinkers were Pelagians’ Didn’t everyone already know that If you didn’t know it already you might be lost with this book because he’s not going to explain what that means but he just asserts it I found that kind of writing incredibly refreshing and I like an author who doesn’t talk down to the reader or in my case listener and he always assumed the reader was interested in the topic under consideration and already has a familiarity with the topic under consideration Not once was I not on the edge of my seat as he was telling his story and connecting the dots for me I do most of my listening while riding a bicycle and I was literally on the edge of my seat but I meant it metaphorically of courseThe Enlightenment the German Idealist and the Romantics are covered in detail as are the masters of suspicion Marx Nietzsche and Freud and then the nature of culture and post modernism Every page was a delight and I probably disagreed with something he was saying on every other page He was right when he said Hegel oversaw the completion of history in his own mind but everything else he said about Hegel and his ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’ I took with a jaundice eye And his statement that ‘Schopenhauer remained a full blooded metaphysician a nightmarish version of the Hegel he envied so deeply’ beggars belief for me Perhaps that is true but I’ve never seen a footnote cutting towards someone then Schopenhauer had towards Hegel in his ‘Will and Representation’ and one can’t help notice the different world views of each Yes they both claim kinship with Kant In particular Schopenhauer says that directly in ‘Will as Representation’ but Hegel uses Kant only to go elsewhere and uses him as launching padI’m nitpicking I just love the way this guy wrote He was not afraid of dropping names or concepts or educating his reader I don’t think it’s possible to find a concise review of the period under consideration then this survey and it was all tied together by his narrative religion always needs to be with us and culture acts as its surrogate As he’s telling his story he gets at why Kierkegaard and Nietzsche really matter Both are anti humanist he doesn’t use that word and want feelings to be our guide for being human The author definitely prefers Kierkegaard’s slant over all and would think of Nietzsche as a nihilist Nietzsche argued that the Christian who outsourced their values to a book and they would believe that their eternal payoffs could be dependent on behavior in this life were the real nihilist because they were the ones with no principles just dogma He loves his Edmund Burke He’ll uote him all throughout the book That means the author has a predisposition towards culture community and character in making us good humans This book loves playing with the importance of culture Pascal was mentioned in this book but not uoted for saying ‘culture is nature’ as Hubert Dreyfus mentioned in his lecture on Heidegger What Pascal meant by that is that we can’t easily rise above the world we are thrown into and the ‘they’ das man and our authentic selves are hard for us to obtain This author thinks the truth is out there and is not that hard for us to find especially if we are willing to believe in false world structures even if we know they are false The author really had a lot of Allan Bloom Saul Bellow type thinking within him ‘The Closing of the American Mind’ has many themes in it and one of them was that believing a lie even when we know it is a lie can be a good thing Another theme the author has that overlapped with that book was that identity politics spring from post modern thought He’s walking a fine line by the way he uses culture such that one should embrace ones culture because it is ones culture That’s sort of a restating of how people want to use patriotism to justify their bigotry I really think the word ‘believe’ is a loaded word ‘Believe in’ means faith in For me ‘faith’ is always best translated as ‘to pretend to know something you don’t know’ ‘Belief’ is a word one uses when one has an opinion about something but not with enough sufficient reason to have ‘justified true belief’ since the something does not uite comport to reality nor is it internally consistent nor even pragmatic in the William James usage of the word The author wants to bring belief back as a standard for truth in his uest for refuting the humanism and modernity which were firmed up during the Enlightenment The author called Sam Harris a liberal Harris wanted to use a nuclear bomb after 911 and wanted to torture often the book doesn’t mention the torture part but Harris did say that Therefore all liberals believe in stupid things there’s probably a name for that fallacy because it’s such a common poor way to argue We currently have a president who doesn’t understand why we don’t use nuclear weapons and has said that if the North Korean Ambassador doesn’t behave properly we will wipe out their country which is populated with human beings and they would die or suffer in the process and Trump has said that he would use torture often if he could So not only a liberal can think that way but the leader of the Republican Party thinks that way too But that doesn’t mean all conservatives think that wayI had a bet with myself that this book would mention Proust It did The uote was ‘The imagination as a means of grace is one of modernism's abiding motifs from the redemptive power of memory in Proust's great novel to the priestly vocation of the Joycean artist’ This links back to two separate items I’ve talked about above the ‘Pelagian’ uote above and Schopenhauer Pelagius believed prays made a difference and that salvation could come from good works In a word Augustine did not He believed in a necessary universe created from the free will of God and salvation was through God’s Grace alone Schopenhauer in the very end of his book ‘Will as Representation’ explicitly cites Grace as a supplement to his Will alone and disses Pelagius by name All of those main points are also within this book but the author spreads it out across the book because he has a lot he wants to tell the reader and expects them to pick them up for themselves I give kudos to a writer that has that much trust in his readerThere’s a whole lot I disagree with the author with actually probably almost everything but I don’t read to reinforce my beliefs I read to be challenged This book was a delightful challenge and within it were all of the major themes that have been lurking about philosophy since the time of Spinoza BTW I think the author read a different version of Spinoza’s ‘Ethics’ then I did because I took away a whole different set of lessons then he did

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New observations the Death PDF #200 on the persistence of God in modern times and why “authentic” atheism is so very hard to come by How to live in a supposedly faithless world threatened Culture and Epubby religious fundamentalism Terry Eagleton formidable thinker and renowned cultural critic investigates in this thought provoking book the contradictions difficulties and significance of the modern search for a replacement for God. Faced with the seemingly impossible task of reconciling the old and the new during a period of rapid technological and political change in the 17th century the old Western metaphysics based on Christianity began a slow rolling collapse which is still playing out to this day God the central unifier of all spheres of life had been assassinated by man though it would take Friedrich Nietzsche two centuries later to finally confront the staggering implications of this unprecedented historical event The disorienting changes that dissolved Western belief collapse of tradition technological change diaspora commercialism are now the shared experience of everyone on earth even as they continue to wreak ever new changes on the inner lives of former Christians This book is an overwrought yet still useful analysis of how people have sought to live in the absence of GodThe short answer is it’s been very difficult The Enlightenment thinkers who began the process were not all or even mostly atheists The old beliefs of Christianity were still considered natural and even necessary but faced with the shock of the new the apparently irrational underpinnings of the old system began appearing as a scandal to the philosophes Very few of them meant to dethrone their own deity but in critically undermining the bases of Christianity this is what they inadvertently did All their work since has been to try and grapple around this incredible event In place of God people have sought with some varying levels of desperation to substitute secularized concepts like the will geist the volk the people the imagination progress and even the pure aesthetics of poetry and art as repositories of the sublime Unlike religious faith and with the possible exception of progress these efforts have had remarkably little purchase with ordinary people The heart is touched by symbols and rituals that contain what people crave meaning To date I don’t think anyone has managed to develop any symbolic rituals purveying the inner meaning of Hegel’s The Phenomenology of Spirit the way that the high theology of religion can be filtered down to the masses In any case they haven't done in it in a way that has won any popular communities of Hegelians Progress has made a bit progress but it is doing so usually in the context of an all consuming capitalist modernity that birthed it and makes it increasingly hard to discern system from transgression That system would prefer its subjects not to believe anything too much But if they must believe to do so through approved channels that suit its ultimate purpose of generating as many docile consumers as possibleGod in some sense survived his assassination attempt because people still seem to feel the need for many of the functions that their deity once performed There is a God sized hole in the fabric of the public consciousness As Nietzsche argued this gaping void can only be abolished with the abolition of mankind itself and the creation of a new species entirely different in psychology The closest modern ideology that comes to this is postmodernism which negates the subjective individual to the point where it almost seems to dissolve As the concept of God recedes further and further away we will probably see mankind become an even indistinct image of itself in the years to come One can only warm themselves against a fire for so long after it has gone out It’s a bit hard to top what Nietzsche had already said about this subject to be honest The best part of this book was unsurprisingly the one chapter that heavily uoted Nietzsche The other chapters deal with the range of both admirable and pathetic attempts people have made to generate meaning after killing meaning itself As a whole the book is uite dense with analysis and freuently does the head spinning thing of talking about a new philosopher every page rather than distilling the crux of their arguments But it still contains a few gems of insight for people with a taste for the single most important issue in the world that is also possible to completely ignore

Terry Eagleton Î 9 summary

Culture and the Death of GodIon the possibilities of culture and art as modern paths to salvation the so called war on terror’s impact on atheism and a host of other topics of concern to those who envision a future in which just and compassionate communities thrive Lucid stylish and entertaining in his usual manner Eagleton presents a brilliant survey of modern thought that also serves as a timely urgently needed intervention into our perilous political present. This book comes from 2008 Terry Lecture Terry lecture series is an endowed Yale University lectureship on religion in the light of modern science and philosophy In other words it is explicitly foster a religious thought process sustainable in the modern age It is not a forum to give voice to atheism but to its most articulate opponents Professor Eagleton blazed in with a combination of unabashed contempt for atheism deeply felt resonance with Marxism and a voice with pithy witty declarations In general I found this book thought provoking and entertaining There are many uotable turn of phrases Yet there are too many declarative sentences seemed to be around the same idea Of course it was a lecture series The format of lecturing may reuire such style and tones Yet I have learned some useful insights1 What is the new Christian theology Not God as a very large and powerful creature” nor providing a rival view of the universe to science In such light the new atheists were attacking obsolete or extreme views of Christianity by assuming that all Christians are creationists or fideists believing knowledge comes from faith or revelations These points were settled a long time ago by theologians such as Thomas Auinas I did not know previously To say that religion is pseudos science is missing the point Religion is about ontological issues metaphysical issues such as meaning of life while science is about ontic features of things My own analogy is building a piano science and technology and emotional response to music from piano religion A useful uote from Professional Eagleton“God the Creator is not a celestial engineer at work on a superbly rational design that will impress his research grant body no end but an artist and an aesthete to boot who made the world with no functional end in view but simply for the love and delight of it”2 Can humanism replace God The author argues strongly against such “self authorship” as delusional arrogant and dangerous Without being checked by a higher power human desire and drive exercised under “free will” often leads to unmitigated disasters The author also argued for the uniue “strangeness” of Christianity embodied in the Jesus — a misfit a loser a counter social — yet it is about kindness justice and love He said“Salvation rather bathetically turns out to be not a matter of cult law and ritual of special observances and conformity to a moral code of slaughtering animals for sacrifice or even of being splendidly virtuous It is a uestion of feeding the hungry welcoming the immigrants visiting the sick and protecting the poor orphaned and widowed from the violence of the rich “The basic animal and social instincts would be to weed off the weak spur off the strangers concentrate resources on the rich and powerful if one is to read Darwinism broadly From its wellspring however flowing and creative can hardly justice a dominating conscious as the “meek shall inherit the earth” In this sense God is transcendent from human nature 3 Linking to contemporary issue such as terrorism and commercial culture the author points out the conseuences of a Godless world without true understanding of one and other Multiculturalism is just a shallow facade to mask the profound indifferences toward other’s thinking He said bitterly of today’s developed world “an unholy melange of practical materialism political pragmatism moral and cultural relativism and philosophical skepticism All this so to speak is the price you pay for affluence”In the end the author asked his audience to think differently of the labeling of each ideological allegiance to confront the tragic nature of human history