Out of China kindle ë 512 pages Download · helpyouantib


text Out of China

Out of China kindle ë 512 pages Download · helpyouantib Ö [Download] ➵ Out of China By Robert Bickers – Helpyouantib.co.uk SHORTLISTED FOR THE 2018 WOLFSON HISTORY PRIZE The extraordinary and essential story of how China became the powerful country it is today Even at the high noon of Europe's empiresAgonising process by which the Chinese had by the end of the th Out of PDFEPUB or century regained control of their own country Out of China uses a brilliant array of unusual strange and vivid sources to recreate a now fantastically remote world the corrupt lurid modernity of pre War Shanghai the often tiny patches of 'extra territorial' land controlled by European powers one of which unnoticed had mostly toppled into a river the entrepôts of Hong Ko “What matters in China matters to us all” This book is an excellent scholarly account and a very detailed history of China from the end of the First World War to its rise as a powerful country in the 21st century Robert Bickers a professor at the University of Bristol tells a complex tale of the forces of attraction rejection and interdependence that have consistently defined China’s varied dealings with the world When looking back at the history of World War II we tend to concentrate on the military contributions of the United Kingdom the United States and the Russians China which had fought alongside the Western allies against Germany tends to be forgotten And yet China’s involvement in the war was massive It was one of the longest and among the bloodiest China paid a hefty price it lost an estimated 14 million people in the World War II Had China folded Japan’s capacity to fight the US or even the Soviets would have been vastly amplifiedBut the end of the World War II did not bring glory to China After years of misery and devastation China was left with its territory partially occupied and its internal politics subjected to relentless and decisive meddling from the outside Only after US insistence it was made a permanent member of the newly formed UN Security Council The end of the war brought suffering and humiliation to China It was a failure of diplomacy writes Bickers In the 1946 China fell into all out civil war between the Nationalists and the Communists It was a brutal war which brought misery and suffering to the Chinese people By the time it was all over in 1945 Chiang Kai shek’s China was finished The communists controlled most of the mainland and Mao Tse tung became the most powerful man in the country Between 1946 and 1976 tens of millions died from repression and starvation China’s strategic reorientation changed at the end of the 1970s Deng Xiaoping had sufficient political capital to reorient both the international and domestic policy environment Without being an economic specialist or particularly self confident about economic issues he managed to create a framework for successful economic reforms without contributing much to the specific content of economic reforms Why does any of this matter now Although it never politically took hold in mainland China as it did in India or Africa the cultural and political legacy of British imperialism and the experience of World War II shape Chinese attitudes today especially between China and the United States and China and JapanOut of China is a massive work but it worth all the effort and the time Robert Bickers covers everything from popular culture and art to wars and politics He sheds light on Chinese new nationalism which is characterised he argues by anger “Being effectively euipped with the facts might help us understand the roots of that rage”If you want to understand China’s crucial role in the modern world this is a good place to start

Out of ChinaAgonising process by which the Chinese had by the end of the th Out of PDFEPUB or century regained control of their own country Out of China uses a brilliant array of unusual strange and vivid sources to recreate a now fantastically remote world the corrupt lurid modernity of pre War Shanghai the often tiny patches of 'extra territorial' land controlled by European powers one of which unnoticed had mostly toppled into a river the entrepôts of Hong Ko “What matters in China matters to us all” This book is an excellent scholarly account and a very detailed history of China from the end of the First World War to its rise as a powerful country in the 21st century Robert Bickers a professor at the University of Bristol tells a complex tale of the forces of attraction rejection and interdependence that have consistently defined China’s varied dealings with the world When looking back at the history of World War II we tend to concentrate on the military contributions of the United Kingdom the United States and the Russians China which had fought alongside the Western allies against Germany tends to be forgotten And yet China’s involvement in the war was massive It was one of the longest and among the bloodiest China paid a hefty price it lost an estimated 14 million people in the World War II Had China folded Japan’s capacity to fight the US or even the Soviets would have been vastly amplifiedBut the end of the World War II did not bring glory to China After years of misery and devastation China was left with its territory partially occupied and its internal politics subjected to relentless and decisive meddling from the outside Only after US insistence it was made a permanent member of the newly formed UN Security Council The end of the war brought suffering and humiliation to China It was a failure of diplomacy writes Bickers In the 1946 China fell into all out civil war between the Nationalists and the Communists It was a brutal war which brought misery and suffering to the Chinese people By the time it was all over in 1945 Chiang Kai shek’s China was finished The communists controlled most of the mainland and Mao Tse tung became the most powerful man in the country Between 1946 and 1976 tens of millions died from repression and starvation China’s strategic reorientation changed at the end of the 1970s Deng Xiaoping had sufficient political capital to reorient both the international and domestic policy environment Without being an economic specialist or particularly self confident about economic issues he managed to create a framework for successful economic reforms without contributing much to the specific content of economic reforms Why does any of this matter now Although it never politically took hold in mainland China as it did in India or Africa the cultural and political legacy of British imperialism and the experience of World War II shape Chinese attitudes today especially between China and the United States and China and JapanOut of China is a massive work but it worth all the effort and the time Robert Bickers covers everything from popular culture and art to wars and politics He sheds light on Chinese new nationalism which is characterised he argues by anger “Being effectively euipped with the facts might help us understand the roots of that rage”If you want to understand China’s crucial role in the modern world this is a good place to start

kindle Ô Out of China µ Robert Bickers

Out of China ↠ SHORTLISTED FOR THE WOLFSON HISTORY PRIZE The extraordinary and essential story of how China became the powerful country it is today Even at the high noon of Europe's empires China managed to be one of the handful of countries not to succumb Invaded humiliated and looted China nonetheless kept its sovereignty Robert Bickers' major new book is the first to describe fully what has proved to be one of the modern era's most important stories the long often Although China is indisputably today among the world’s greatest powers — diplomatically economically and militarily – many Westerners are unaware of what an incredible transformation this represents in less than 70 years China’s long civil war most of it waged at the same time that China was also fighting to repel Japanese invaders ended in 1949 with the defeat of Chiang Kai Shek’s Nationalist forces But it was a poor nation its people and resources exhausted from decades of war It was also still largely a rural agriculture oriented society Under the leadership of the Communist Party and aided in the early years by the Soviet Union under Stalin China began to rapidly industrialize and urbanize achieving the kind of makeover in mere decades that took most other nations a century If we are to understand China’s deep reservations about Western — and US — motives and intentions we must be mindful of the two centuries of interactions between China and the West before our present time China is a very ancient society with around 5000 years of history and her memory runs deep Two excellent books by Robert Bickers that cover the often unhappy relations between China and the West from the early 19th century to the present day are The Scramble for China Foreign Devils in the ing Empire and Out of China How the Chinese Ended the Era of Western Domination Bickers reveals how the West in the 19th century — Great Britain being the chief offender — repeatedly insulted China by firing upon her territory occupying large portions of her coastal regions around key trading ports and forcing her to agree to commercial terms far favorable to them than to China While it is customary for nations to regard others’ diplomatic stations as representing their nations’ own soil the British — soon followed by the French the Dutch and the Americans — took over entire neighborhoods as if they were their own; Chinese streets alleyways and boulevards therein often became dangerous for Chinese ignoring posted notices warning against “trespassing” To be sure this behavior was typical of how in the latter part of the 19th century Western nations also behaved towards other nations they deemed “lesser” as they competed among themselves for commercial advantage and colonial possessions This hardly made the offenses less so in the eyes of the Chinese though In addition to the impact that trade backed up by force had on China it uickly became a magnet for another in many ways even unsettling intrusion the arrival of Christian missionaries Some of these came with similar faulty assumptions about China’s alleged “backwardness” to “save the heathen natives” still others to both share their faith and study the differences between their own societies and China’s They often had a positive impact by their habit of establishing schools for local children and interested adults and in offering health care services that clearly helped isolated areas But their proselytizing combined with their ignorance of Chinese religious practices also offended many especially when they interpreted Chinese reverence for their ancestors as a form of idolatry calling it ancestor worship From the early 19th century onward however many foreigners who journeyed to China uickly learned to admire and respect it for its culture arts and remarkable historical longevity Whether they were missionaries traders soldiers or diplomatic personnel they did all they could to act as a buffer again kindle Ô Out of China µ Robert Bickers

Robert Bickers µ Out of China kindle

Robert Bickers µ Out of China kindle Ng and Macao and the myriad means through armed threats technology and legal chicanery by which China was kept subservient Today Chinese nationalism stays firmly rooted in memories of its degraded past the uest for self sufficiency a determination both to assert China's standing in the world and its outstanding territorial claims and never to be vulnerable to renewed attack History matters deeply to Beijing's current rulers and Out of China explains wh I have no doubt Robert Bickers deserves his recognition as a historian for his ability to collate information is excellent As a writer he leaves very much to be desired This book is chronologically disjointed leaving readers to do much of our own research about the exact causation of certain events It is also common to find rambling sentences that go on for five or lines with innumerable commas that render the text incoherent Much as a result of the above deficiencies Bickers' analysis lacks the substance you'd expect from a subject matter expert This may be a great book for a juvenal history undergraduate student to pick out some useful uotes for a short essay but in no way should this book be considered a go to if one wants to learn about foreign interventions in China and its impact