Battle Cry of Freedom kindle º eBook 9780195168952 ´ helpyouantib

kindle ¹ Battle Cry of Freedom á James M. McPherson

Battle Cry of FreedomFilled with fresh interpretations and information puncturing old myths and challenging new ones Battle Cry of Freedom will unuestionably become the standard one volume history of the Civil War James McPherson's fast paced narrative fully integrates the political social and military events that crowded the two decades from the outbreak of one war in Mexico to the ending of another at Appomattox Packed with drama and analytical insight the book vividly recounts the momentous episodes that preceded the Civil War the Dred Scott decision the Lincoln Douglas debates John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferr Embarking on reading or in this case rerereading McPherson's civil war at 800 plus pages feels like committing to refighting that four year conflict One feels the need of a logistics corps to support the reading effort at the front as the page counts mounts and mounts The book itself particularly in a hardback incarnation is virtually a civil war it could be lobbed with hostile intent at a passerby or laid on the ground to make a defensive position or strapped to the chest to protect the heart from musket balls or sabre blowsMcPherson paints a busy panorama crowded with details finely drawn and occasionally even uotable starting in the 1830s going through the divergence in economic development in north and south suggesting at the end that it was the north with it industrialising and increasingly capitalist society which was exceptional while the South was broadly typical of mid nineteenth century societies in being agrarian and reliant on tied labour the Mexican war land grabbing adventures in Nicaragua the collapse of the Whig party and sectional violence everywhere muskets swords and walking sticks taken up in anger As a reader there is a desire to kick back against this portentous handling which reads as though McPherson was writing with Wagner's Gotterdammarung playing in the background Siegfried's death implying this conflict was inevitable already perhaps in progress by other means long before Fort Sumter was fired upon This naturally leads to wanting him to just get on with things rather than continuing to set out his stall for several hundred pages The downside with this feeling of inevitability is that he then has to dismiss initial votes by Southern states against secession as merely 'conditional unionism' or eually praise Lincoln and the Republicans refusal to negotiate after his election as a realistic course of action Perhaps but these it seems to me are debatable points Ultimately he comes down strongly in favour of contingency pointing out the impact of victories and defeats in shifting public opinion and the sentiments and opinions of the major political actorsMcPherson pulls out the role of race and attitudes about race not simply white vs black but even within 'whiteness' Saxon vs Norman view spoiler in which reading the southerners were the gentle yet warlike descendants of the Normans recognisable as the Cavaliers in the earlier English Civil War while your Northerner was a rude mechanical hide spoiler

James M. McPherson á Battle Cry of Freedom kindle

And self government for which their fathers had fought in 1776 while the North stood fast in defense of the Union founded by those fathers as the bulwark of American liberty Eventually the North had to grapple with the underlying cause of the war slavery and adopt a policy of emancipation as a second war aim This new birth of freedom as Lincoln called it constitutes the proudest legacy of America's bloodiest conflict This authoritative volume makes sense of that vast and confusing second American Revolution we call the Civil War a war that transformed a nation and expanded our heritage of liber This work is certainly very extensively researched and annotated and abounds in comments from contemporaries uotations extracts from diaries etc This is so much the case that it is arguable that McPherson did not so much write a historical account as piece together as produce a series of uotations from eye witnesses and those who lived through events and has interspersed them with a linking narrative and his own biased comments The book is rather like a printed version of popular tv histories where dramatic footage is interspersed with aging eye witnesses making their truncated and edited comments on past events In other words this is a documentary rather than a history and it has the surreptitious bias of a modern newspaper Interestingly the back cover of the penguin edition gives visible support to this by producing in the popular type of the US at that time Galliard? for the name of the publications 6 promotional puffs The worst thing about the kind of bias in a book like this is that it is very difficult for a layperson to argue since it is not a uestion of untruths or errors but of truths not mentioned or facts ignored and McPherson is too good at his job to leave anything out which is well known Many are also likely to think that this is a fair account since the writer takes pains to give it the superficial appearance of being so There is no officious sabre rattling or trumpet blowing about this book It appears to be sweetly reasonable while relentlessly pursuing a pro Northern line from beginning to endNearly every famous uotations and many obscure ones from the war can be found in the pages of this book As a mine of uotations it is certainly second to none The only exception that comes to mind is the remark made by one Southerner on hearing of Lincoln’s condemnation of rebellion and disloyalty “if rebellion is always wrong then God save the King” Stonewall Jackson referred to the South’s attempt at independence “the Second War of Independence” an aspect of the struggle which McPherson does not address with any seriousness The issue is by no means dead In recent years the state of Vermont has begun to mutter about secession from the Union At the Vermont Independence Convention held on October 28th 2005 in the state capital Thomas Naylor declared that “South Carolina and the Confederate states had a perfect right to secede”I was not surprised after 550 pages of pro yankee journalism to find McPherson belittling a notorious statement of Northern malice This is the infamous invitation to the rape of women in the occupied South made by the commander of Union forces in occupied New Orleans It is termed euphemistically by Mc Pherson as “an incident” and “Butler’s women’s order” The writer notes that it “intensified British upper class alienation from the North” Is McPherson suggesting that the British middle classes of the time sympathetic to a bit of rough treatment of snooty belles? Butler’s statement ran as follows “any woman who persisted in the practice of insulting Northern soldiers shall be regarded and held liable to be treated as a woman of the town plying her trade” Even today with two world wars and countless horrors between then and now this order sounds appalling and is appalling It is also historically significant since it breaks the very codex which Gibbon in Decline and Fall had so proudly noted a hundred years before as the hallmark of civilized behaviour soldiers in the eighteenth century refraining from attacking or molesting civilians But McPherson who is always understanding of Northern outrages than Southern ones finds what he calls “considerable provocation” for Butler’s declaration What can this “considerable provocation” be? Something pretty drastic to justify an invitation to rape one would think Nothing less than murder and terrorism surely? Not exactly Southern provocation was “climaxed by a woman who dumped the contents of a chamber pot from a French uarter balcony on Fleet Captain Farragut’s head” This would be hilarious if the writer were not so serious in believing this largely excuses Butler’s order McPherson does not tell us how many women were raped as a result of the green light given by their commander I am sure that if the history had been in reverse the reader would have received a very different account Apart form the relentless bias of the book it is poorly served by the publishers the photographs are cramped and mostly anyone’s second choice seriously the maps of the battlefields are so poorly printed as to be almost unuseable Maybe that suits McPherson’s belief that battles are not half so important as they are made out to be by most historians Like Tolstoy in War in Peace he sees them and portrays them as a lot of sound and fury and confusion decisive battles do not take place in this account Gettysburg is presented as just one bloody conflict rather than the decisive battle is its traditionally presented as being Far important for McPherson is the calibre of generals this seems to him to be all important not that he is over enthusiastic about Southern generalship It is not brilliance on the part of Lee but timidity incompetence and rivalry among Northern generals which is here offered as the major clue to the slow progress of the Northern war effort As for Lincoln needless to say he he is the hero of the story as infallible as the Pope If McPherson ever criticises Lincoln I missed itThis may be as some claim the best book on the subject If that is true I am sorry to hear it

doc Battle Cry of Freedom

Battle Cry of Freedom kindle º eBook 9780195168952 ´ helpyouantib · ☆ [PDF / Epub] ★ Battle Cry of Freedom By James M. McPherson ✩ – Filled with fresh interpretations and information puncturing old myths and challenging new ones Battle Cry of Freedom will unuesY and then moves into a masterful chronicle of the war itself the battles the strategic maneuvering on both sides the politics and the personalities Particularly notable are McPherson's new views on such matters as the slavery expansion issue in the 1850s the origins of the Republican Party the causes of secession internal dissent and anti war opposition in the North and the South and the reasons for the Union's victory The book's title refers to the sentiments that informed both the Northern and Southern views of the conflict the South seceded in the name of that freedom of self determination If you want detailed discussion of battles this is not the book for you If you want detailed descriptions of key actors during the Civil War this will not be the book for you But if you want an all encompassing volume linking the battles economic issues social life culture and politics then this book will be a wonderful resourceWhere does the title of the book come from? A Civil War song The Battle Cry of Freedom written in 1862 Illustrative lines The Union forever Hurrah boys HurrahDown with the traitor and up with the star; While we rally round the flag boysrally once again Shouting the battle cry of freedomMcPherson addresses the purpose of this volume Page ix I have tried to integrate the political and military events of this era with important social and economic developments to form a seamless web synthesizing up to date scholarship with my own research and interpretationsThe book begins with background the Mexican War slavery bleeding Kansas and the election of 1860 We learn about the comparative economies in north and south as well as social and cultural and political issues Then as one chapter title says so well Amateurs go to war Starting with untrained forces and many inept officers the war beganThe difference between this and other histories can be noted in space devoted to battles Pea Ridge Elkhorn Tavern is covered in two pages; Shiloh is addressed in 11 pages; 11 pages on Vicksburg; 13 pages are devoted to Gettysburg But the context in which these battles and others were fought provides a deeper view of the Civil War For instance a table on page 608 suggests that it was a poor man's fight with laborers farmers making up the bulk of the Union forces But McPherson notes that this ignores demographic realities and that in fact there was greater representativeness among the Union military than has often been notedAll in all an impressive work integrating the many aspects of the Civil War in just one volume with 862 pages of text