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mobi É Prilli i Thyer ´ Ismail Kadare

Hunted down After shooting his brother's killer young Gjorg is entitled to thirty days' grace not enough to see out the month of AprilThen a visiting honeymoon couple cros When reading this book I recalled Blindness of Saramago Broken April is haunting dark disturbing and yet strangely attractive The narration is so matter of fact yet the chill of death is looming in every word It is the story of the relentless Kanun holding sway over the Albanian mountainsmen The currency of the Kanun is death and so death seems as ever present as money is in our society There is always a sense of weirdness and unreality in the way the Mountainsmen deal with death revenge honour realtionshipsobeisance Yet there is the uncanny feeling that our so called modern society is perhaps no different in the way it kills and mechanises death The only difference perhaps is the great democracy of death under Kanun in contrast to the modern ritual democracy coupled with hypocrisy of patriotism and other isms which send the young meek gullible poor into the jaws of death

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Prilli i ThyerS the path of the fugitive The bride's heart goes out to Gjorg and even these 'civilised' strangers from the city risk becoming embroiled in the fatal mechanism of vendetta ‘Broken April' is a historical fiction novel based on true facts about Albania's past However I thought a particular plot device an ancient book of laws and social s which is the source of the problems that the main character Gjorg Berisha endures was a fictional invention of the author Ffs what real life culture would codify into their common law rules about ritual assassinations a cascading continuation of murder after murder of selected individuals to be passed down from generation to generation? No society would make up such an idiotic Code Right? No never happened Uh waitThe mind boggling discoveries I made after googling some of the elements in this translated story written in 1978 are that ritual blood feuds actually happened in Albania's past and are STILL happening today in the rural areas and mountains of Albania Plus an ancient book of laws and s a book called the Kanun which describes how when and where these murders should occur along with reuired ritual chanting which must be performed while murdering is actually a real book STILL followed religiously by some rural villages in AlbaniaThe descriptions of what this ancient book contains remind me of parts of the u'ran Bible and Torah only WAY bizarre since the laws in this book demand people follow additional social rules of ritual murder that seem insane to me Any kind of death whether accidental or intentional begins an endless spiral of ritualized murder which must be performed within a year to restore the dead person's family's or village's honor The dead person who is being avenged does not even have to be known to anyone in the village where the person died The person who died could be a total stranger who was a temporary guest of a villager like a thirsty traveler stopping to ask for a drink of water who then was attacked by an unknown robber after leaving the village The villager not the unknown robber becomes responsible for satisfying the Code of Blood Feud as stated in the KanunUnbelievably there is a traditional legal system set up in the participating villages of Albania to adjudicate the Code Certain Albanian elders are judged to be sufficiently learned in interpreting the laws of the Kanun These gentlemen are sent for whenever there is a uestion who should be killed in response to a death and who should be the 'justicer' as the murderer is officially named It does not matter if the honor murder is performed on an innocent man or a guilty one as long as the selected individual satisfies the Kanun laws and rituals The murder must be undertaken only in certain areas of a home or a town in certain times of the day within a year A person selected to be murdered can travel safely while on certain designated roads and paths but as soon as that person leaves the 'safe' road or path then that person can be murdered There are also designated 'safe houses' which actually are towers made of stone built here and there across the landscape in Albania These towers are full of ex justicers who are now vulnerable to revenge in the chain of murders in these blood feuds These men can never leave the tower without fearing a bullet to the head The Code reuires that a murdered man's death must be avenged and then that person's murder must be avenged and then that murder must be avenged and then that murder must be avenged etc Forever Literally forever I am not joking or exaggerating In addition if the murder is bungled and only wounds are sustained by the selected person to have been murdered then the justicer has to pay the victim a fine for each wound Or they could count the wound as part settlement of the blood that was owed In that case the justicer can inflict wounds until the blood account was fully paid Else the clock is still ticking when the murder must occur by the justicer on the victim and a fine is still owed the victim for each wound Once the justicer accomplishes his blood feud revenge murder then he must pay a death tax to the local authorities the authority who is in charge of collecting the blood tax is called 'The Steward of the Blood' The justicer can be granted the short bessa a 24 hour truce by the murdered man's family or the murdered man's family can agree to giving the justicer a month long truce the long bessa At the end of the bessa the justicer can be killed by another appointed justicer in revenge unless he goes to live in a tower of refuge unable to ever leave the tower for the rest of his lifeTraditional law is a bitch gentle readerAnother character in the novel Bessian Vorpsi is a journalist He is on his honeymoon with his beautiful wife Diana traveling to the high plateaus of the Albanian mountains They both are modern urbanites but Bessian has always wanted to see the Code at work He thinks the Kanun is a romantic relic of Albanian history majestic and legendary But as their journey proceeds he is puzzled and by Diana's behavior As they pass men wearing black ribbons the sign of the wearer being part of a blood feud and thus a walking dead man Diana becomes withdrawn Was it a mistake to have a honeymoon in the mountains? She did not know much about the Code but as he explains it to her as they travel she gets uieter and uieter What is wrong? Does she not see it is the glorious choice of Shakespeare's Hamlet made large?Author Ismail Kadare is probably unknown to most of us gentle reader But he is famous in Europe especially in France and Albania In 2005 he won the Man Booker International Prize He also has been mentioned as a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature He was born in Albania and went to University in Tirana Albania He attended the Gorky Institute for World Literature a school for writers and critics in Moscow Because of governmental disapproval of his books and other writings he asked for and was granted asylum in 1990 in FranceAt first I believed I was reading only a historical fiction novel about the culture of Albania that existed long ago in the past and later as I progressed deeper into the story of 'Broken April' I thought maybe it was also a symbolic folktale of Albania because of the novel's literary architecture No The story is not only those things Instead I learned that Kadare's story about the early 20th century Albanian mountain and village people of the past is a real life culture of people who still live outside of the legal governmental framework of Albania as if they were in the midst of the Middle Ages and not part of the 21st century I read that 'Broken April' takes place between the World Wars but it is difficult for me to believe that The people of the Albanian plateaus live like people of the 13th century in my opinion The protagonists travel by horse and carriage horseback and of course on foot However on page 35 Gjorg Berisha one of the main characters sees an airplane in the sky flying overhead and knows what it is Amazing I am still in shock by this story link to a description and history of the KanunhttpsenmwikipediaorgwikiKanunHere is a link to an interview with the author American version of a blood feud

Ismail Kadare ´ Prilli i Thyer book

Free eBook Ï ePub Prilli i Thyer ç 9780099449874 ✓ helpyouantib ✓ [PDF] ✩ Prilli i Thyer Author Ismail Kadare – Helpyouantib.co.uk From the moment that Gjorg's brother is killed by a neighbour his own life is forfeit for the code of Kanun reuires Gjorg to kill his brother's murFrom the moment that Gjorg's brother is killed by a neighbour his own life is forfeit for the code of Kanun reuires Gjorg to kill his brother's murderer and then in turn be A to Z around the world A is for Albania It took a while for me to write this review because I wanted to say uite a lot and I did not know where to start or how to organize my thoughts still don’t Real life interference did not help either This is going to be long so I made some headlines for easier navigation The Author and the novel in shortIsmail Kadare is probably the best know Albanian writer and one of the best resources to learn about the country’s tumultuous past culture and mentality He started writing during the Communist regime in Albania and most of his work was either criticized or banned in the country because it appeared to criticized the regime Kadare became famous internationally when his novel The General of the Dead Army was published in France In Broken April Kadare writes about one of them most peculiar and specific parts of Albanian culture the feudal set of laws Kanun and its terrible Vendetta rules Gjakmarrja When one person is killed the family members are bound to revenge the murder by taking the life of the killer and so on In the novel Gjorgu kills his brother’s murderer and is waiting his turn to be hunted down by the dead man’s family He has to perform all the necessary preparations for the vendetta to continue its bloody course including a walk to a distant village to pay a ``blood tax'' to the region's ruling familyBessian and Diana are in their Honeymoon Since the husband makes a living writing about the Kanun he proposed to visit the remote mountain villages where the laws are most prevalent Although at the beginning the couple is close as they continue their journey and discover about the traditions they become and distant While Bessian finds himself fascinated by the Kanun and Gjakmarrja Diana is silently appalled One day Diana sees Gjorgu as he returns from the blood tax payment and becomes fascinated by the young man and marked by his sad destiny During the remaining of their trip the couple will be followed by the specter of Gorju’s impending death Albanian HistoryTo understand the appearance of The Kanun in Albania I believe the history of the country should be understood It was the victim of numerous wars occupations and sorrows like almost all Balkan countries My Albanian GR friend Lorena wrote this to me about her country’s history and I believe it explains a lot “Albania was always a cross country where rulers kings princes leaders of various countries came and went away each of them draining the people's energy and motive Don't forget the roman empire rule the Byzantium rule ottoman empire rule for almost 500 years 2 world wars and later the Italian protectorate Just think about what a mixture of mentalities and circumstance behaviours developed throughout history” The different rulers and lack of trust in justice made the remote villages in the mountains to develop their own set of rulesThe Kanun According to Wikipedia The Kanun was developed by Lekë Dukagjini who codified the existing customary laws It was spread mainly in the mountainous North of the country where foregners and their laws could not enter It can also be found in the surrounding areas formerly in Yugoslavia where there is a large ethnic Albanian population; Montenegro Kosovo and Macedonia It was first codified in the 15th century and it was used in that for until 20th century It was recently after the fall of the communist regime in the early 1990s While not uniue in concept it’s strict set of rules made Albanian Kanun probably the most fearedRegarding the Gjakmarrja the laws say that if someone is killed the family members have to find and revenge the murder with blood However it doesn’t stop here The family of the initial murderer now has to revenge their death and so on The result is generations old family feuds and hundreds of deaths resulting even in the complete decimation of a family If this was crazy note that if a person is murdered as a guest the host is responsible to revenge the death So if you are lucky enough to have your guest killed then the course is on you The person is someone’s guest until it leaves the borders of the village where the host’s house is located If the murdered person is outside the village but still looking towards it then the responsibility is still with the host Maybe this is a good reason not to have any visitors in your house isn’t it? Well you can’t According to the Kanun visitors cannot be denied entrance in a house without facing serious punishment In the novel an entire village was burned down because they refused to shelter a visitor As such if a stranger knock on the door he has to be received no matter if he wears the Gjakmarrja mark a black bandana around the arm I also have to mention a few marriage rules Marriage is never cancelled Even if the future wife is dying she will be brought to get married If there is a death in the family the marriage will continue The dead goes out of the house and the wife inside The husband receives from the woman’s family together with the dowry a bullet in case the wife is unfaithful I was appalled by all these rules which in my opinion are barbaric and illogic I might be able to understand them in feudal ages but some of them are still used Today Many Albanian have left the country citing the blood feuds as the reason for their refugee seeking Some were fake true as the endemic corruption in Albania found a way to make money from this as well Corruption and bad management of the state is actually one of the main reasons of the Kanun revival People believe that when the law does nothing to help then the responsibility for justice falls in one’s own hands Feelings about Broken AprilThe writing is simple clinical without embroideries However the feeling of doom and irreversibility is masterfully done The repetition of the Kanun laws coming from different characters only adds to the overhanging dark atmosphere Gorju’s silent reluctance to fulfill the laws which are bound to lead to his ultimate death and his preparations gave me goose bumps The relationship between the married couple and their eually silent fallout added to the story and give two opposing perspectives that a stranger to these customs could have when heshe is faced with them I am thankful that I read Broken April even if it haunted my dreams for a while Also now I understand the Taken movie plot