FREE MOBI ñ DOC The Sun the Genome and the Internet Tools of Scientific Revolutions 9780195139228 · HELPYOUANTIB

BOOK The Sun the Genome and the Internet Tools of Scientific Revolutions

FREE MOBI ñ DOC The Sun the Genome and the Internet Tools of Scientific Revolutions 9780195139228 · HELPYOUANTIB ó [Reading] ➸ The Sun the Genome and the Internet Tools of Scientific Revolutions By Freeman Dyson – In this visiCtively ending the cultural isolation of the poorest countries Similarly breakthroughs in genetics may well enable us to give our children healthier lives and grow efficient crops thus restoring the economic and human vitality of village cultures devalued and dislocated by the global marketWritten with passionate conviction about the ethical uses of science The Sun the Genome and the Internet is both a brilliant reinterpretation of the scientific process and a challenge to use new technologies to close rather than widen the gap between rich and po Drawn from a series of public lectures this is the mind of Freeman Dyson at its most fertile The book bubbles with creative ideas even if my instinct throughout was to treat it as yet another item of that curious genre speculative science factionHe writes clearly and very unusually amongst the top level of scientists let alone applied mathematicians his genius is capable of understanding history and society Indeed I suspect that he would have made a very fine historian if he had taken a very different route in lifeHowever a decade and a half on from the lectures very little of what he has predicted all of which I have no doubt is feasible has come to pass He seems to have been looking in the wrong direction than once His speculations are than a little utopianThis is a little odd because he has a highly intelligent approach to the effect of politics on technological investment There are some very acute observations on failures to be cost effective One might have expected him to have been a little cautious on that ground aloneWhile mildly stimulated I did not get a great deal out of the book because it was simply not grounded enough in the world I think that I am living in He was persuasive as a Kuhn sceptic on one thing though that techniue and tools drive science as much as concepts and modelsHis argument for scientific development as a craft process with many incremental changes and cross fertilisations with investment by scientists themselves in the machinery that enables discovery is well taken It made me rethink how thought and application exist in close dialecticBut there is so much material here so much inventiveness so much intellectual creativity and so many leaps that the book leaves one wondering precisely what one has learned that is useful That may be unfair but one wanted not ideas but clearer thread for those already offered Like contemporary science fiction speculative science faction throws so much at the reader that the tale often spins away far from the credible and the useful and the human That so little of the implicit prediction appears to be materially present today seems to confirm a lack of groundednessOh we poor mortals unable to deliver what our intellectual gods demand of us

MOBI È The Sun the Genome and the Internet Tools of Scientific Revolutions ¸ Freeman Dyson

Social conseuences the invention of the telescope turning the Medieval world view upside down the widespread use of household appliances in the 1950s replacing servants to cite just two examples In looking ahead Dyson suggests that solar energy genetics and the Internet will have similarly transformative effects with the potential to produce a just and euitable society Solar power could bring electricity to even the poorest most remote areas of third world nations allowing everyone access to the vast stores of information on the Internet and effe A bit of an interesting exercise to see how visions of the future can change in just 20 years So far bioengineering hasn't done uite so much as Dyson had hoped but he was right about the internet in fact he almost underestimated its impact He underestimated AI as it had reached a temporary lull in the late 90s and people were beginning to doubt it again but it's definitely making its comeback Progress on solar energy has been fairly disappointing As a uick little time capsule of the state of some technologies at a point in time not a bad read

Freeman Dyson ¸ The Sun the Genome and the Internet Tools of Scientific Revolutions TEXT

The Sun the Genome and the Internet Tools of Scientific RevolutionsIn this visionary look into the future Freeman Dyson argues that technological changes fundamentally alter our ethical and social arrangements and that three rapidly advancing new technologies solar energy genetic engineering and world wide communication together have the potential to create a eual distribution of the world's wealthDyson begins by rejecting the idea that scientific revolutions are primarily concept driven He shows rather that new tools are often the sparks that ignite scientific discovery Such tool driven revolutions have profound Rating AA another excellent essay collection by DysonThe Sun the Genome and the Internet covers scientific revolutions technology and social justice and the exploration and colonization of space familiar Dyson topics all and delivered with his usual grace The three items in the title comprise Dyson's hope for generating wealth in the world's poor villages the sun for cheap solar power genetic engineering for better crop plants and the Net to end rural isolationFor example he presents the hope of engineering trees that convert sunlight to liuid fuel and deliver the fuel directly to underground pipelines A neat solution to declining oil reserves if it works Dyson cheerfully admits his record as a prophet is mixed but it is better to be wrong than to be vague Fresh and unexpected insights are a freuent pleasure in this and other Dyson books For instance he describes his mother and aunts prosperous British matrons all who in the interval between the World Wars accomplished such things as opening a birth control clinic managing a large hospital winning an Olympic medal and pioneering aviation in Africa it was considered normal at the time for middle class women to do something spectacular They were able to do this only with the support of a large servant class The introduction of labour saving appliances helped to emancipate the servants but left middle class women less free than before a general pattern says Dyson the burdens of eualization fall disproportionately on womenDyson is a lifelong space enthusiast though things haven't gone that well lately for space fans we look at the bewildered cosmonauts struggling to survive in the Mir space station Obviously they are not going anywhere except if they are lucky down But in the long term prospects are brighter as we await the finding of a cheap way up and out of the gravity well another enduring Dyson insight He reports recent successful tests of a laser launcher and a ram accelerator the latter a proposed 750 foot gas gun and a direct descendant of Jules Verne's cannon launched spacecraft in From the Earth to the Moon 1865 As in all cheap launch methods the trick is to keep the fuel on the ground not in the spacecraft With cheap spaceflight people will spread out into the solar system and beyond Why? Because it is there some folks just have itchy feet Others will belong to unpopular religions or be on the run or any of the countless other things that have always motivated emigrantsDyson unusually for a theoretician has always been tinker than thinker He cites Thomas Kuhn's classic Structure of Scientific Revolutions 1962 revised edition 1970 as an example of a fellow physicist with the opposite bent emphasizing ideas over things Of course both are important; but some of Kuhn's followers put forward the idea that science is about power struggles not new ideas Dyson once upbraided Kuhn about this at a conference Kuhn reacted angrily One thing you have to understand I am not a KuhnianFreeman Dyson is my favorite scientist writer I know of no one else who combines his clarity of thought graceful use of language big ideas expressed modestly and sense of history If you haven't yet read Dyson The Sun the Genome and the Internet would be a fine place to start My 1999 review