Discourses Fragments Handbook Book à 355 pages Download ↠ Helpyouantib

Doc Discourses Fragments Handbook

Discourses Fragments Handbook Book à 355 pages Download ↠ Helpyouantib Á [Download] ✤ Discourses Fragments Handbook By Epictetus – Helpyouantib.co.uk 'About things that are within our power and those that are not' Epictetus' Discourses have been the most widely read and influential ofStill speak elouently to modern readers seeking meaning in their own livesThis is the only complete modern translation of the Discourses together with the Handbook or manual of key themes and surviving fragments Robin Hard's accurate and accessible translation is accompanied by Christopher Gill's full introduction and comprehensive note Great collection of ideas and tenets to live a philosopher’s life as a Stoic or even a Cynic that would help to cope with difficulties of modern life to some degree“How do you read Epictetus?” he asksJust imagine what Zeno or Socrates would have done; pick the scroll up man and start reading it Never lose your concentration thinking about things outside of your choice slave so by the end you shall be embracing statuesThough the translation was fantastic reading was still a bit cumbersome I guess that is given for philosophical treatises

Epictetus ´ Discourses Fragments Handbook Doc

'About things that are within our power and those that are not' Epictetus' Discourses have been the most widely read and influential of all writings of Stoic philosophy from antiuity onwards They set out the core ethical principles of Stoicism in a form designed to help people put them into practice and to use them as a basis for leading These times in which we now live demand normal daily functioning combined with active resistance to viciously regressive political forces in a chaotic atmosphere of propaganda and violence For some this state of being is nothing new but for white left wingers in the UK and US I suspect it’s largely novel and shocking Personally I find the current state of things which I dread to think of as a new normal horrifying and depressing as I discussed in this review Amongst other coping mechanisms I’m finding thoughtful non fiction helpful Stoic philosophy seemed appropriate in part because it is one of the roots of cognitive behavioural therapy CBT This ancestry was often evident while I read; Epictetus demonstrates a sophisticated understanding of psychology many centuries before such a discipline existed It was interesting to read Epictetus as an atheist Central to his Stoic teaching is the need to resign yourself ideally in a joyful spirit to all that outside your control Epictetus assigns this realm to Godthe godsZeus effectively interchangeable terms When applying this to myself I experimented with reading God as fate destiny chaos and simply the universe Since I don’t specifically believe in a preordained fate or destiny I was most comfortable interpreting what’s outside my control broadly as ‘shit that happens’ I don’t think that anyone or anything is in control but things happen nonetheless If anything I think this atheist reading strengthens Epictetus’ arguments If there is no God deciding your way in life all the reason to carefully contemplate your impressions and actions Railing against the chaos of the universe is no helpful than condemning the capriciousness of God or gods I went through Epictetus at approximately half my usual reading speed as I am unaccustomed to philosophy and wanted to understand it as best I could The experience was rewarding Epictetus has much to say about freedom and a good life that resonates today It’s tempting to see Stoicism as passive and fatalistic but I came to consider that a function of modern individualism and impatience Epictetus makes it clear that Stoic philosophy is not something you read in a book or a fashion choice he specifically complains about hipsters dressing ‘philosophically’ but an integral part of daily life To simplify he seems to say that you should live a good life insofar as you can consider all your behaviour carefully be content with what you have accept that all things are fleeting and uietly set a good example rather than evangelising This it seems will bring you true freedom and happiness The term Stoic has become synonymous with uncomplaining suffering which isn’t really what Epictetus advocates He suggests that you aim not to suffer at all to accept what is outside your control and be happy about the little that is within it He does accept this is very difficult perhaps impossible for many and he struggles himself Which doesn’t mean he argues that everyone shouldn’t aspire to it”And you are you free?” the man asksBy the gods I want to be and pray to be but I’m not yet able to look my masters in the face I still attach value to my poor body and take care to keep it whole and sound despite the fact that it isn’t so But I can show you a free man to save from having to search any longer for an example Diogenes was freeDiogenes the Cynic and Socrates are the two most often cited by Epictetus as good examples to follow both men he describes as humble ascetic and unafraid to speak unwanted truths to power I found this comment arrestingOnly consider at what price you’re willing to sell your power of choice If nothing else make sure man that you don’t sell it cheap But what is great and exceptional is perhaps the province of others of Socrates and people of that kindIn addition to personal ethical endeavour Epictetus talks of humans just men inevitably as citizens going to so far as to lecture on how antisocial it is not to keep yourself clean I liked this partIf you consider yourself as a human being and as a part of some whole it may be in the interest of the whole that you should now fall ill now embark on a voyage and be exposed to danger now suffer poverty and perhaps even die before your time Why do you resent this then? Don’t you know that in isolation a foot is no longer a foot and that you likewise will no longer be a human being? What then is a human being? A part of a city first of all that which is made up of gods and human beings then that which is closest to us and which we call a city which is a microcosm of the universal cityStoicism thus refutes passivity as it makes clear that the good citizen should be prepared to stand up for what is good and right if necessary dying for it Discourse 210 asks you to ‘consider who you are’ and then lists the three most important answers a human being a citizen of the world a son and a brother Each of these roles reuires certain standards of behaviour; Epictetus is arguing for civic virtue as well as personal disregard of material possessions and other worldly benefitsThe elements of CBT can be found most specifically in two dialogues 38 on training yourself to deal with impressions the cognitive and 218 on the cultivation of habits the behavioural Both of these approaches are very helpful in dealing with distress the first involves stepping back from your feelings to analyse and try to alter them the second cultivating behaviours that calm your mind Epictetus is aspiring beyond the alleviation of distress of course towards true freedom and happiness He describes the former vividlySo accordingly that person who doesn’t allow himself to be overpowered by pleasure or by suffering or by glory or by wealth and who is capable whenever he thinks fit of spitting his entire miserable body into some tyrant’s face and taking his leave to what can such a man still be a slave to whom can he still be subject?That certainly seems like something worth aspiring to Perhaps immediately applicable was the commentary on reading in discourse 44 in which Epictetus points out that reading should be for a purpose to help you live better Thus time spent outside books is an opportunity to put into practise all that you’ve read I think he has a good point there although I greatly enjoy a bit of escapist reading I also sympathise with his dislike of having a body which is after all a real dragAt any rate we love our body and take care of it the most unpleasant and foulest of all things In truth it is amazing that we should love something for which we have to perform so many services day after day I stuff this sack here and then I empty it; what could be tedious? But I have to serve God; and for that reason I stay here and put up with having to wash this poor wretched body of mine and feed it and shelter itInterjections like this prevent the reader becoming tired of Epictetus’ lecturing style which often sounds a lot like browbeating to the unaccustomed ear I found the whole book both thought provoking and accessible undoubtedly aided by the relative informality of the translation style The notes at the end were terribly stolid however There is definitely something to be said for Stoicism for focusing on what you can do rather than what you can’t for cultivating a healthy mind and leaving the body to itself for disregarding material things and accepting that nothing lasts I was reminded of the recently read novel Stoner which concerns a man with definite Stoic tendencies but much concern for his family roles than any wider civic responsibilityI will end this rambling review with my two favourite uotes from the book the first found in the HandbookNever say about anything ‘I’ve lost it’ but rather ‘I’ve given it back’ Your child has died? It has been given back Your wife has died? She has been given back ‘My farm has been taken from me’ Well that too has been given back ‘Yes but the man who took it is a rogue’ What does it matter to you through what person the one who gave it to you demanded it back? So long as he entrusts it to you take care of it as something that isn’t your own as travellers treat an innThe second a delightfully gothic epigram I found amongst the FragmentsYou’re a little soul carrying a corpse aroundAm I alone in finding that curiously comforting? I recommend Epictetus as a boost to mental fortitude when the daily news seems determined crush your peace of mind

Reader ✓ Discourses Fragments Handbook ´ Epictetus

Discourses Fragments HandbookA good human life Epictetus was a teacher and a freed slave whose discourses have a vivid informality animated by anecdotes and dialogue Forceful direct and challenging their central message is that the basis of happiness is up to us and that we all have the capacity through sustained reflection and hard work of achieving this goal They The main point of the Discourses can be summed up in a couple sentences If it is under your control change it If it's not under your control don't worry about it There's a lot of course but nearly everything comes back to that Epictetus keeps referring to the Reason which is the essential central aspect of humanity the one thing that makes you you Therefore that is what is under an individual's control and what they should work on and everything else should be endured Death comes at the will of the gods so fearing death is pointless A tyrant can destroy a man's body but so can a fever and they should both be given the same regard Desiring and detesting anything is problematic because it means that anyone who possesses those things gains power over you so don't do it Do not hope or fear the future except insofar as you are able to change it It actually reminded me a lot of Buddhism in its insistence on avoiding attachment to the world He draws a distinction between Externals those things that are beyond one's controls and Internals which are primarily one's thoughts and opinions Even the body isn't included in Internals because there are a lot of example conversations about why you shouldn't fear death or pain because an accident could happen or a tyrant could arrest you and you have no control over those The Will or Reason capitals in original are the main aspect of a man that is under his control and Reason is held up as pretty much the defining force of humanity and the highest good He even uses that as a way of proving that the gods are benevolent reason is good and the essence of the gods is reason therefore the gods are goodExcept well Epictetus is completely wrong Reason is not inviolate and as anyone who's read Thinking Fast and Slow knows humans are only rational in comparison to the other animals around us I wonder how Epictetus would have reacted to research showing that emotions are absolutely necessary to being able to make decisions at all considering his view of Reason as the essential self separated from the body and from all of the good and bad that the world buffets us with? A lot of his philosophy is also based on an understanding of theism that falls pretty flat nowadays For example his proof that the gods exist is that the seasons change and flowers bloom and so on except that we obviously have other explanations for all of those That's a problem for the Discourses because the moral basis for enduring the difficulties of life is that life is how the gods want it to be and the gods are good therefore control what you can and endure all else and bow to the will of the gods Despite these problems there's so much good advice in here that I think it's definitely worth four stars There's an argument about convictions and how important it is to maintain one's convictions in the face of adversity but also an acknowledgement that convictions are only worth maintaining if they are moral and correct and dogged persistence in being wrong is not virtue but vice I feel like that's something modern America needs to learn considering how willing we are to dig into people's pasts and hold up comments written decades ago as proof of someone's moral turpitude Either they still believe it in which case they're terrible or they no longer believe it in which case they're an untrustworthy flip flopper The only way to win is to have never been wrong about anything which is ludicrousThat also brings me to another part of Epictetus' philosophy that I love that we should treat moral deficiency and ignorance the way we treat physical disability Abusing a blind person just because they're blind is obviously terrible and so is abusing an ignorant person because they're ignorant or an immoral person because they're immoral Act well and provide an example help them overcome their disability if they're open to it and otherwise don't worry about it because well see above about Internals vs ExternalsThe whole book resonated with me even knowing what I do about human reason or lack thereof It's true that consciousness may be an illusion and we may be meat puppets jerked around by unconscious forces beyond our controlbut you know even if that's true it's better to act like it's not true in much the same way that the best outcomes come from assuming one's own life is totally under control but other people's lives are buffeted by the whims of chance thus producing both compassion and personal dynamism The kind of personal detachment Epictetus advocates is really attractive to me and the majority of his advice is great even if some of the premises are dodgy or flat out wrong Modern life would be a lot better if Stoicism made its way into the mainstream