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E whose goals certainly do not always overlap with US priorities             This book offers a close look at what the rise of the military has meant for Pakistani society Ayesha Siddia shows how entrenched the military has become not just in day to day governance but in the Pakistani corporate sector as well What are the conseuen Can be difficult and slightly too technical at times but nevertheless provides an unprecedented insight into the hush hush no go territory

book Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military Economy

Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military EconomyCes of this unprecedented merging of the military and corporate sectors What does it mean for Pakistan’s economic development let alone for hopes of an eventual return to democracy and de militarization This new edition brings Siddia’s account fully up to date with a new preface and conclusion that emphasize the changing role of the medi The last line of the 2017 edition epilogue is The soft martial law is here to stay I couldn't agree In terms of a good leader Pakistan has been out of luck after Jinnah Founding father wanted a moderate liberal and progressive country for Muslims of sub continent and also for minorities as well But that didn't suit us We the authoritarian and feudal type illiterate and ignorant people couldn't stand none of those principles That's exactly what happened after Jinnah just stay with me Jinnah left us in 1948 when Pakistan was just one year old An infant soon to be spoiled and exploited by every thug and lout whether in uniform or not but that comes later Oh my country I feel sorry for you and all the people who sacrificed for you So the so called civilian leadersbureaucrats started a power struggle and in between forgot to make a constitution till 1956 Just some lousy 1949 resolution based on 1935 They couldn't even decide who was to lead so there were six prime ministers from 1951 1957 and then the martial law was imposed While the public just watched in awe what was happening still having faith in their great country for which they fought and struggled so hard But they are just public who cares about them Only the elite Iskander Mirza the then President who imposed Martial Law hoped that his friend General Ayub will stand by him and together they will lead the country with string each Either he was so stupid that he didn't understand what attraction the 'power' has or stupid to trust on such a friend And then the General threw the friend out of the club and took over the country Now military started building institutional strength and systematic importance in the country Stint in Kashmir in 1965 which led to a war but we didn't stop there We did same in 1999 but that comes laterFrom its inception Pak Army has managed to sell the rhetoric of 'A National Savior' in external and internal matters Now there was political vacuum provided by incompetency of politicians cum bureaucrats after Jinnah's demise and Army was there to save the country but not to serve the country rather to serve itself Gen Ayub did introduce some famous land reforms but they were just a sham How could he anger the power land feudal class by introducing land reforms which were introduced in India in 50s I wouldn't if I wanted to stay in power So they saybut if you want to test a man's character give him power dont know whether it is relevant or not but who caresSo after the war General became Field Marshal and president I forgot to mention 1962 presidential constitution as the 1956 one was cancelled or whatever in 1958 So now the president field marshal has everything except control over fate and time Both are strange and funny At that time 22 families owned a huge chunk of country assets lets say 70% The economy was growing so was the ineuality and then there were some custom officials' mishandling of the students which led to protests and death of one student Army had to save its face by changing the facade Finally Ayub Khan left office and also left Yahya Khan in the office who was famous for interesting things Up till now Fauji Foundation AWT and FWO were already up and running Military was gaining strength politically and economically Hopes were high for good things to come for some Then 1971 came with a lot of action General Elections were held and Awami League won which was unacceptable for West Pakistani leaders especially Ayub Khan's protege Zulfiar Ali Bhutto He lobbied for no power transfer to Mujib ur Rehman leader of Awami League The General Assembly session to be held in Dhaka kept on getting delayed People in East Pakistan already aware of their lowly treatment by West Pakistanis started coming on streets demandinig for independence if not for transfer of power Yahya ordered army to strike and things go messy which made the EPs even stronger India took advantage of the situation and our great Army had to surrender with 90000 military personnel Bad time for Army Bad time for Pakistan as it losts it Eastern WingFinally it was realized that it was better to transfer the power to civilian government Zulfiar Bhutto's hunger for power was satisfiedNew constitution came in 1973 which has survived till now with 25 amendments He started a populist movement with 'roti kapra and makaan' as its slogan Poor people liked him for his socialist thought He nationalized all the great companies Making people unhappy Tried to bring military under civilian government Making people now in uniform unhappy The time was relatively better for development of democracy but who wants that So in 1977 Gen Zia declared Martial Law and put a stop to Bhutto and his politics and ultimately his life The same year Shaheen Foundation was also established by PAF being not satisfied by the Fauji Foundation Bahria Foundation was established in 1982 Both were established under Charitable Endowment Act 1890 which makes them free from any accountability So the MILBUS was flourishing Also after the completion of Korakoram Highway in 1979 FWO remained to be used in case of emergency National Logistics Cell was established in 1978 Not going in detail about all these organizations It would be better to read the book as the author has done excellent research especially looking at the power of the organizations No wonder she is called traitor The so called traitors Author needs not to worry as she has joined an elite intellectual club of people who speak against authority and suffer just for the betterment of the society History is full of examplesSo coming back to Zia It was a time of so called Jihad we were fighting on behalf of Americans who were showering money and wepons on us in response The dictator utilized the Afghan War fully for his political advantage Mullahs and their parties were standing with him and so were the Americans who are supposed to promote democracy at all times Eighth Amendment was passed in 1985 which gave the President unilateral power to dissolve the National Assembly Zia died in mysterious air crash in 1988 He couldn't use the power of aforementioned amendment when it became very popular in 90s Zia gave birth to PMLN and MM to counter PPP Military was infiltrating in all parts of the state Zia's successor Gen Aslam Beg decided to let the civilians run the show for now The next ten years was clown show resulting from the power Military had gained and the eighth amendment First came PPP in 88 then PML N in 91 then PPP again in 93 then again PML N in 96 and then again dictatorship in 99 Great Back to where started1999 was a tough year due to Kargil issue Nawaz Sharif was angry at Gen Musharraf then COAS for not letting him in on Kargil Plan He wanted to appoint a new chief Actually he had appointed once Musharraf was away on a visit in Sri Lanka So coup was what happened in the end You can read the whole story at many placesSo military in power again This time they will make sure that they have a say in strategic and important decisions if they ever want to hand over the govt back to civilians Musharraf started NAB to counter politicians not corruption He established National Security Committee which was a very big achievement He did a rigged referendum in 02 for presidency He also remained COAS He had the support from America who are supposed to support democracy at all times Actually it was due to War on Terror launched in Afghanistan after 911 America needed help of Musharraf just like during Zia tenure Musharraf also tried to solve the Kashmir with Indians by going out of the way which must have given him a bad name among the military Musharraf also gave freedom to Media which will turn sour for him and later very sweet for Army By the end of his tenure military was into every part of the government Also people including journalists started disappearing during Musharraf's time for various reasons In 2007 after lawyers protest on his decision to remove the Chief Justice Musharraf had to step aside It took a lot of convincing to make him step aside The epilogue of the book under subject gives a very interesting account of his tenure One thing he also promoted MM which later Army had to crush through a Rangers operation Till the next timeFrom here Army decided to stop being in government and start governance Psychological warfare has proved to be a friend of Army Use of media and social media by ISPR ISI etc The sudden disappearance of journalists and other people who speak up is a result of such governance It is uite clear in Pakistan if you have the eyes and will to see Military is hailed as savior respectful and honest profession Yes if they stay to profession maybe Many issues are never discussed on media which might give a bad image of military Like the land grabbing from poor people at numerous places Military controls the narrativeMilitary is a sacred profession entrusted with the task of defending the country when threatened But when the military is used by individuals for nefarious agendas military will become a predatory institution Military being the savior of poor people who see military with most respect becomes their oppressor The author has put forward a daring work I see many people even the military personnel realizing the conseuences of MILBUS as well Highly recommended book for people of Pakistan especially military personnel And finally I would like to thank the author for enlightening us This was my first such a lengthy review I have not done editing so just bear with it

Ayesha Siddiqa ↠ Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military Economy text

read Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military Economy doc ☆ Paperback ´ ayesha siddiqa ☆ [Read] ➫ Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military Economy Author Ayesha Siddiqa – Pakistan occupies a paradoxical even contradictory place in American foreign poliPakistan occupies a paradoxical even contradictory Inside Pakistan's MOBI #244 place in American foreign policy Nominally a strategic ally in the Military Inc ePUB #10003 war on terror it is the third largest recipient of US aid in the world At the same Inc Inside Pakistan's PDFEPUB #227 time it is run by its military and intelligence servic Extremely dry but eually mind blowing The book has a very detailed explanation and well substantiated account of financial hegemony in the Pakistan Military From corn flakes to Urea products education sector to transportation housing schemes to running commercial enterprises stealing river water to having stud farms is there LITERALLY any pie the military hasn't its finger in Even military awards are linked with the grant of farm lands and housing plots to military personnel The jarring banners carried by lawyers during their march in 2007 how cleverly put it into perspective Ae watan ke sajeele Genrailo; saaray rabey tumhare liye hain O’ handsome generals of the homeland all the plots are just for you I think the book is a very courageous effort no matter how difficult it is to read