kindle à Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military Economy 402 pages

pdf ☆ Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military Economy  Ayesha Siddiqa

Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military EconomyOnomic and political landscape of the country Military Inc dares to illuminate the military as an oppressive holding company possessing not just security related businesses but also hotels shopping malls insurance companies banks farms and even an airline The result is a deeply undemocratic society where money is funnelled towards the military's economic enterprises leaving Overall an educating read But one that doesn't leave impressions as far as uality of research and analysis is concerned Seems like an hurriedly published work

reader Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military Economy

kindle à Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military Economy 402 pages Õ ➷ [Reading] ➹ Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military Economy By Ayesha Siddiqa ➬ – Pakistan is a strategic ally of the US in the ‘war on terror’ It is the third largest recipient of US aid in thThose in need of it impoverished and effectively disenfranchised With an empirical richness and a view to Pakistan’s recent history Ayesha Siddia offers a detailed and powerful case study of a global phenomenon corruption hollow economic growth and elitismThis new edition includes a chapter on the recent developments of the military's foray into the media and a new prefa Hmmmi don’t knowit leaves a lot to be desired there was too much repetition of the same points over and over again which I felt was just to prolong it enough to call it a book It could have easily been shrunk into an essay Like one reviewer mentioned had she included short interviews of retired officials it would have made an interesting read It seemed like an amalgamation of few books that she read for her research to write this one Yes there were stats tables and diagrams but it still left me disappointed because I expected this book to enhance my understanding as a layman which sadly it didn’t

Ayesha Siddiqa  Military Inc Inside Pakistan's Military Economy pdf

Pakistan is a strategic ally of Inside Pakistan's MOBI #244 the US in the ‘war on terror’ It is the third Military Inc ePUB #10003 largest recipient of US aid in the world Yet Pakistan is a state run by its army and Inc Inside Pakistan's PDFEPUB #227 intelligence serviceOperating in the shadows Pakistan’s military industrial complex owns and controls swathes of the ec The author starts the book by defining MilbusMilbus refers to military capital that is used for the personal benefit of the military fraternity especially the officer cadre but is neither recorded nor part of the defence budget Milbus in Pakistan is part of the tribute that the military extracts for providing services such as national security The exploitation of national resources by the elite is a result of the peculiar nature of the precapitalist politico economic system The deliberate concealment of Milbus is meant to project the military as being honest and less corrupt than civilian players Milbus compromises of two broad but distinct set of activities1 Profit making through the privatization of security this trend is mostly followed by the developed economies 2 Military engagement in non traditional roles such as farming or running businesses like hotels airlines banks or real estate agencies this occurs mainly in developing economies The businesses run by the four foundations the Fauji Foundation Army Welfare Trust Shaheed Trust and Bahria Foundation are very diverse in nature ranging from small scale ventures such as bakeries farms schools and private security farms to corporate enterprises such as commercial banks insurance companies radio and television channels fertilizers cement and cereal manufacturing plants Whereas the Fauji Foundation and the Army Welfare Trust are the largest business conglomerates in the countryOver the 72 years of Pakistan's history the army has experienced direct power four times and learnt to negotiate authority when not directly in control of the government Pervez Musharraf formed the National Security Council in 2004 and transformed the status of the military from being an instrument of policy to an awesomely powerful organization that could protect its interests as an eual member of the ruling elite Milbus is both politically and socially expensive Politically it nurtures the military's power ambitions and socially it reduces the society's acceptability of the military as an arbitrator and increases the alienation of the underprivileged the dispossessed and the have notsMilitary rules takes 3 forms 1 Personal the political system is dominated by the dictator who distributes restrictively along his sycophants 2 Oligarchic the ruling class relies on support of an otherwise autonomous military institution 3 Corporatist the institutional involvement of the military in politics and governance Pakistan's politics have had a highly elitist nature because the ruling elite tried to partner with the military to pursue their political and economic interests The civil military bureaucracy played a key role in giving birth to the indigenous bourgeoisie or the business industrialist class which formed part of the dominant elite All military regimes create clients which act as the civilian face of the military and legitimize the military's control and are nourished by the defense establishment for the times when the bulk of the military has to withdraw to the barracks The military basically replaced one set of corrupt politicians with another in order to sustain its own power base The main controlling authority for the defence establishment is the Ministry of Defence MoD The MoD controls four main planks of Milbus the Service Headuarters the Department of Military Land and Cantonment ML the FF and the Rangers a paramilitary force Other institutions such as the National Logistic Cell NLC The Frontier Work Organization and the Special Communications Organization are controlled by the army NLC instead of revitalizing the Pakistan Railways which had until the creation of the military transport company been the main cargo transporter in the country The creation of NLC was not a case of privatizing cargo transport but of shifting work from one public sector institution to another and hence creating a duplication of efforts The blatant use of intelligence agencies to manipulate and overthrow governments had left civilian governments too insecure to challenge the military's involvement in business The Accountability Ordinance passed by Musharraf precluded the military and judiciary from being uestioned under the new accountability rules because the military have their own accountability procedures Military feudalism denotes a set of economic and political relations and a pattern of social behavior The monopolization and control of land is understood as a symbol of power which adds to the powerful image of the armed forces Military uses three methods for acuiring and developing housing schemes1 Houses constructed on state land2 Private land appropriated with or without enough compensation and developed into housing schemes by military subsidiaries 3 Private land acuired bu DHAs the management of which falls under the purview of the Army GHInvestment in real estate became rampant after 911 and also during the Afghan War when there was an extraordinary flow of dollars in Pakistan as aid People have greater faith in investing in military controlled schemes because there are fewer instances of fraud than in civilian schemes Military personnel attribute this to their indisputable capacity for discipline and better management Pakistan's military welfare system is based on two distinct models 1 Fauji Foundation Model the conservative method of providing health educational and employment facilities to retired personnel and their dependents2 The Army Welfare Trust Model formed on the principle of generating profit to buy additional welfare for armed forces personnel and to provide post retirement employment for retired personnel This system might serve the interests of the armed forces personnel and help the organization retain better uality staff but it has substantial socio political costs The four foundations were established under the Charitable Endowment Act 1890 hence the accounts of these foundations are not audited by the government;s prime accounting agency the Auditor General of Pakistan therefore correct estimates about their lossprofit are unknown On the other hand AWT was thrice 19971999 and 2001 given financial aid from the government despite it falling under the private sector Milbus as a whole is a unknown territory as not much data is available hence it is not discussed much Ayesha Siddia was brave enough to write about it Though the book was uite repetitive but the information was mindbogglingly new for meBlog | Instagram | Facebook | LinkedIn